Title

The Interplay of Diffusional and Electrophoretic Transport Mechanisms of Charged Solutes in the Liquid Film Surrounding Charged Nonporous Adsorbent Particles Employed in Finite Bath Adsorption Systems

Abstract

A model that describes the diffusive and electrophoretic mass transport of the cation and anion species of a buffer electrolyte and of a charged adsorbate in the liquid film surrounding nonporous adsorbent particles in a finite bath adsorption system, in which adsorption of the charged adsorbate onto the charged surface of the nonporous particles occurs, is constructed and solved. The dynamic behavior of the mechanisms of this model explicitly demonstrates (a) the interplay between the diffusive and electrophoretic molar fluxes of the charged adsorbate and of the species of the buffer electrolyte in the liquid film surrounding the nonporous adsorbent particles, (b) the significant effect that the functioning of the electrical double layer has on the transport of the charged species and on the adsorption of the charged adsorbate, and (c) the substantial effect that the dynamic behavior of the surface charge density has on the functioning of the electrical double layer. It is found that at equilibrium, the value of the concentration of the charged adsorbate in the fluid layer adjacent to the surface of the adsorbent particles is significantly greater than the value of the concentration of the adsorbate in the finite bath, while, of course, the net molar flux of the charged adsorbate in the liquid film is equal to zero at equilibrium. This result is very different than that obtained from the conventional model that is currently used to describe the transport of a charged adsorbate in the liquid film for systems involving the adsorption of a charged adsorbate onto the charged surface of nonporous adsorbent particles; the conventional model (i) does not consider the existence of an electrical double layer, (ii) assumes that the transport of the charged adsorbate occurs only by diffusion in the liquid film, and (iii) causes at equilibrium the value of the charged adsorbate in the liquid layer adjacent to the surface of the particles to become equal to the value of the concentration of the charged adsorbate in the liquid of the finite bath. Furthermore, it was found that a maximum can occur in the dynamic behavior of the concentration of the adsorbate in the adsorbed phase when the value of the free molecular diffusion coefficient of the adsorbate is relatively large, because the increased magnitude of the synergistic interplay between the diffusive and electrophoretic molar fluxes of the adsorbate in the liquid film allows the adsorbate to accumulate (to be entrapped) in the liquid layer adjacent to the surface of the adsorbent particles faster than the concentrations of the electrolyte species, whose net molar fluxes are significantly hindered due to their opposing diffusive and electrophoretic molar fluxes, can adjust to account for the change in the surface charge density of the particles that arises from the adsorption of the charged adsorbate. The results presented in this work also have significant implications in finite bath adsorption systems involving the adsorption of a charged adsorbate onto the surface of the pores of charged porous adsorbent particles, because the diffusion and the electrophoretic migration of the charged solutes (cations, anions, and charged adsorbate) in the pores of the adsorbent particles will depend on the dynamic concentration profiles of the charged solutes in the liquid film surrounding the charged porous adsorbent particles. The results of the present work are also used to illustrate how the functioning of the electrical double layer could contribute to the development of inner radial humps (concentration rings) in the concentration of the adsorbate in the adsorbed phase of charged porous adsorbent particles.

Department(s)

Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Sponsor(s)

University of Missouri--Rolla. Biochemical Processing Institute
Criofarma

Keywords and Phrases

Adsorbent Particles; Adsorption; Charged Adsorbate; Charged Solutes; Diffusion; Electrical Double Layer; Electrophoretic Migration; Liquid Film

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2002 Elsevier, All rights reserved.


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