Civil Engineering Study 90-2
In structural design, the material properties of steels and the strengths of cold-formed steel members are affected by strain rate. Two subjects were investigated experimentally and analytically in this study. They are 1) effect of strain rate on mechanical properties of sheet steels in tension and compression, and 2) structural strengths of stub columns and beams subjected to dynamic loads. Three sheet steels with nominal yield strengths ranging from 35 to 100 ksi were studied under different strain rates. A total of 124 tensile coupons and 54 compressive coupons were tested in this phase of study. The structural strengths of 37 stub columns and 30 beam specimens fabricated from 35XF sheet steel were investigated in the second phase of this study under different strain rates. The results showed that the material properties as well as the strengths of the structural members increased with the strain rate. The amount of increase was found to be dependent on the material yield strengths and the strain rates used in the tests. The effective width approach included in the current AISI Automotive Steel Design Manual was utilized for the evaluation of member strengths using static and dynamic yield stresses corresponding to the strain rates used in the tests. Good agreement was achieved between the predicted and tested member strengths when using the dynamic yield stresses in the comparison.
Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
Wei-Wen Yu Center for Cold-Formed Steel Structures
American Iron and Steel Institute
Missouri University of Science and Technology (formerly the University of Missouri--Rolla)
© Missouri University of Science and Technology (formerly the University of Missouri--Rolla)
Report - Technical
Kassar, Maher and Yu, Wei-wen, "Design of automotive structural components using high strength sheet steels effect of strain rate on material properties of sheet steels and structural strengths of cold-formed steel members" (1990). Center for Cold-Formed Steel Structures Library. Paper 145.