Studies are presently underway to determine the technical and economic feasibility of various Arctic marine transportation systems, including ice-breaker super-tankers and submarine tankers. An important consideration in these studies is the design and construction of marine terminal facilities which will be suited to the unique problems of the Arctic. Factors which will significantly affect the design of proposed marine terminals include:
1) bathymetric configuration of the continental shelf;
2) influence of moving pack ice on artificial structures, both at the air-water interface and along the bottom;
3) lateral and vertical variations in soil conditions, including residual permafrost, which might adversely affect stability of offshore pipelines or structures; and
4) instability of existing shoreline.
Several basic designs for marine terminals are considered with respect to environmental and engineering problems including:
1) nearshore harbor sheltered by a breakwater;
2) offshore artificial islands;
3) underwater terminals; and
4) cone-shaped offshore platforms, either pile supported or gravity-type structures.
© 1971 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.
McCollom, Robert L. Jr. and Moore, William W.
"Arctic Marine Terminals -- Some Environmental and Engineering Considerations,"
UMR Journal -- V. H. McNutt Colloquium Series: Vol. 2
, Article 14.
Available at: http://scholarsmine.mst.edu/umr-journal/vol2/iss1/14