Title

Regulating Cow Methane Production with Methane Monooxygenase Producing E. Coli

Presenter Information

Justin A. Carollo

Department

Biological Sciences

Major

Biological Sciences

Research Advisor

Shannon, Katie
Westenberg, David J.

Advisor's Department

Biological Sciences

Second Advisor's Department

Biological Sciences

Abstract

Research has shown strong evidence that greenhouse gases are accountable for the steady increase in temperatures around the world. Methane is among the most notable of the greenhouse gases and is heavily produced through the eructation of livestock, specifically cattle. Current research supports the approach of introducing methane monooxygenase producing E. coli, encapsulated in alginate beads, into the intestinal tract of cows to break down methane before it gets to the rumen. Our adaptation considers the negative effects of breaking down methane by which methanol is created as a byproduct. Methanol, in high enough quantity, can be toxic to the cow. By using a methanol sensitive promoter to limit production, the methane can be both broken down to help eliminate a portion of greenhouse gases, while the cow’s health can be better ensured.

Biography

Justin Carollo is a junior in Biological Sciences with a minor in Military Science. He plans to graduate with a Bachelor of Sciences and commission in the United States Army as a Second Lieutenant. After Basic Officer Leadership Course, he plans to pursue a graduate’s degree in Epidemiology.

Research Category

Research Proposals

Presentation Type

Poster Presentation

Document Type

Poster

Location

Upper Atrium/Hallway

Presentation Date

11 Apr 2016, 1:00 pm - 3:00 pm

Comments

Joint project with Jordan Powell

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Apr 11th, 1:00 PM Apr 11th, 3:00 PM

Regulating Cow Methane Production with Methane Monooxygenase Producing E. Coli

Upper Atrium/Hallway

Research has shown strong evidence that greenhouse gases are accountable for the steady increase in temperatures around the world. Methane is among the most notable of the greenhouse gases and is heavily produced through the eructation of livestock, specifically cattle. Current research supports the approach of introducing methane monooxygenase producing E. coli, encapsulated in alginate beads, into the intestinal tract of cows to break down methane before it gets to the rumen. Our adaptation considers the negative effects of breaking down methane by which methanol is created as a byproduct. Methanol, in high enough quantity, can be toxic to the cow. By using a methanol sensitive promoter to limit production, the methane can be both broken down to help eliminate a portion of greenhouse gases, while the cow’s health can be better ensured.