Title

Development of Soybean Oil Based Polyurethane Rigid Foams for Structural Applications

Presenter Information

Andrew Miller

Department

Chemistry

Major

Chemistry

Research Advisor

Nam, Paul Ki-souk

Advisor's Department

Chemistry

Funding Source

Department of Energy

Abstract

As a part of the investigation to create polyurethane products from renewable biomass resources, polyurethane foams were produced from commercially-available polyols derived from modified soybean oils. For use in structural applications such as construction and casting, the rigid polyurethane foam was formulated to have high strength with the low thermal conductivity and density. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) experiments were carried out to assess the thermo-physical properties and composition of the foams produced. Density was measured by cutting geometric shapes. The mechanical properties and thermal conductivity were also evaluated. It has been shown that soybean oil derived polyols can replace the conventional petroleum-based polyol resins and produce quality polyurethane rigid foams with excellent structural performance.

Biography

Andrew is a senior in Chemistry program here at the Missouri University of Science and Technology. He has been involved in undergraduate research since the beginning of the summer of his sophomore year. Andrew is interested in the research and development of bio-based products and energy. His future plans are to attend graduate school.

Research Category

Sciences

Presentation Type

Oral Presentation

Document Type

Presentation

Location

Upper Atrium/Hallway

Presentation Date

03 Apr 2013, 9:00 am - 11:45 am

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Apr 3rd, 9:00 AM Apr 3rd, 11:45 AM

Development of Soybean Oil Based Polyurethane Rigid Foams for Structural Applications

Upper Atrium/Hallway

As a part of the investigation to create polyurethane products from renewable biomass resources, polyurethane foams were produced from commercially-available polyols derived from modified soybean oils. For use in structural applications such as construction and casting, the rigid polyurethane foam was formulated to have high strength with the low thermal conductivity and density. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) experiments were carried out to assess the thermo-physical properties and composition of the foams produced. Density was measured by cutting geometric shapes. The mechanical properties and thermal conductivity were also evaluated. It has been shown that soybean oil derived polyols can replace the conventional petroleum-based polyol resins and produce quality polyurethane rigid foams with excellent structural performance.