Title

Climate-Responsive Adaptive Control for Natural Ventilation

Presenter Information

Lucas Laughery

Department

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Major

Architectural, Civil, Electrical Engineering, Computer Science

Research Advisor

Choi, Joon-Ho

Advisor's Department

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Funding Source

Environmental Protection Agency

Abstract

According to the U.S. Green Building Council and the U.S. Energy Information Administration, 21% of all energy used in the U.S. is for building mechanical systems that provide heating, cooling, and ventilation. On the other hand, building occupants are significantly affected by ambient thermal conditions, as their work productivity and health depend on their thermal satisfaction. Therefore, it is important to use passive strategies for natural cooling and heating to enhance the thermal comfort and minimize the use of mechanical systems. The Climate-Responsive Adaptive Control for Natural Ventilation is a predictive control system that is able to forecast an indoor climate based on real-time data of outdoor conditions, and controls window actuators to use cross ventilation for cooling. Using the Missouri S&T Solar Decathlon House as a testbed, indoor and outdoor conditions are measured and evaluated in order to develop an adaptive control model for actuating operable windows.

Biography

Lucas is majoring in Civil and Architectural Engineering. His interests include smart building systems, passive solar design, and FRP reinforced concrete. Lucas expects to graduate in May 2012 before attending graduate school.

Research Category

Engineering

Presentation Type

Poster Presentation

Document Type

Poster

Award

Engineering poster session, Second place

Location

Upper Atrium/Hallway

Presentation Date

10 Apr 2012, 1:00 pm - 3:00 pm

Comments

Joint project with Gerald Holt, Sean Klover and Annelise Smith

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Apr 10th, 1:00 PM Apr 10th, 3:00 PM

Climate-Responsive Adaptive Control for Natural Ventilation

Upper Atrium/Hallway

According to the U.S. Green Building Council and the U.S. Energy Information Administration, 21% of all energy used in the U.S. is for building mechanical systems that provide heating, cooling, and ventilation. On the other hand, building occupants are significantly affected by ambient thermal conditions, as their work productivity and health depend on their thermal satisfaction. Therefore, it is important to use passive strategies for natural cooling and heating to enhance the thermal comfort and minimize the use of mechanical systems. The Climate-Responsive Adaptive Control for Natural Ventilation is a predictive control system that is able to forecast an indoor climate based on real-time data of outdoor conditions, and controls window actuators to use cross ventilation for cooling. Using the Missouri S&T Solar Decathlon House as a testbed, indoor and outdoor conditions are measured and evaluated in order to develop an adaptive control model for actuating operable windows.