Title

Jathropha Curcas: The New Bio-Diesel Source for the 21st Century

Presenter Information

Danielle Bowles-Martin

Department

Chemistry

Major

Chemical Engineering

Research Advisor

Seemamahannop, Rachadaporn, 1959-
Kapila, Shubhender

Advisor's Department

Chemistry

Funding Source

Bureau of Mines- Center for Environmental Science and Technology

Abstract

Developing alternatives to replace depleting fossil fuels has emerged as a pressing issue in the recent years. As a result attention is focused on non-food or feed crops, one potential crop is Jatropha curcas.

Jatropha curcas is a plant that grows in tropical regions and requires little water for growth thus conserving water and its beans are a good source of oil. The oil content of Jatropha bean is double the oil content of soybeans. Jatropha beans are not a suitable for food or feed because of the presence of toxins known as the phorbol esters. Biodiesel production can be made highly favorable if a process can be developed which render the protein rich Jatropha bean meal suitable as feed.

I am developing a process that would produce toxin free Jatropha meal and biodiesel. Results obtained show that a toxin free bio-diesel and Jatropha meal can be produced using a simple three step process that involve dehulling, sequential extraction and transesterification.

Biography

Danielle Bowles-Martin was born and raised in St. Louis, Mo. She grew up in the inner city and attended Gateway Institute of Gateway High School. Danielle is currently a sophomore where she is pursuing her undergraduate degrees in Chemical Engineering and Materials Engineering. Her future plans are to graduate from Missouri S&T and work with consumer goods or in the petroleum industry.

Research Category

Sciences

Presentation Type

Poster Presentation

Document Type

Poster

Location

Upper Atrium/Hallway

Presentation Date

08 Apr 2009, 9:00 am - 11:45 am

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Apr 8th, 9:00 AM Apr 8th, 11:45 AM

Jathropha Curcas: The New Bio-Diesel Source for the 21st Century

Upper Atrium/Hallway

Developing alternatives to replace depleting fossil fuels has emerged as a pressing issue in the recent years. As a result attention is focused on non-food or feed crops, one potential crop is Jatropha curcas.

Jatropha curcas is a plant that grows in tropical regions and requires little water for growth thus conserving water and its beans are a good source of oil. The oil content of Jatropha bean is double the oil content of soybeans. Jatropha beans are not a suitable for food or feed because of the presence of toxins known as the phorbol esters. Biodiesel production can be made highly favorable if a process can be developed which render the protein rich Jatropha bean meal suitable as feed.

I am developing a process that would produce toxin free Jatropha meal and biodiesel. Results obtained show that a toxin free bio-diesel and Jatropha meal can be produced using a simple three step process that involve dehulling, sequential extraction and transesterification.