Title

Attention with Spatial Distractors

Presenter Information

Tawnia Misak

Department

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Major

Mechanical Engineering

Research Advisor

Nelson, Michael D.

Advisor's Department

Psychological Science

Funding Source

UMR Opportunities for Undergraduate Research Experiences (OURE) Program

Abstract

A pool player relies on skill, depth perception, and concentration to win. What is the affect of the solid ball, distance to shoot, and number of balls surrounding the target of a striped ball on the player’s accuracy? This experiment looks at congruent, incongruent, and neutral distractors in three spatial depths and how these affect attention. Shutter glasses and interlaced images are used to simulate spatial depth. Easy and challenging conditions were constructed. The easy condition has a target and a spatial distractor. The difficult condition has a string of letters with an imbedded target and a spatial distractor. The subject is asked to identify if the target displayed is an “X” or “Z.” A previous study illustrated that incongruent distractors have the greatest effect on attention (Nelson & Norfolk, 2006). It is hypothesized that spatial incongruence will have the same affect. In addition to this, the distractor in depth will influence the subject’s attention more than the distractor behind or on the same level as the target.

Biography

Tawnia Misak is a senior in Mechanical Engineering. Tawnia is from Anthony, KS and had an early introduction to mechanical devices through her time working on the family farm. She has had the opportunity to intern at Bombadier-LearJet, Honeywell, and Caterpillar Inc. Through these internships she has experienced engineering roles in quality, machine process, design, fabrication, assembly, high voltage rapid prototyping, software testing, and controller development. To broaden her experiences, she has pursued a research project in Psychology. She has maintained an active role on campus. She was 1st Vice-President for Blue Key Honor Society and Campus Ministry Representative for the Newman Center. She is also a member of Kappa Delta, holding various appointed offices and has helped with the new membership education program. She earned a varsity letter in track and field. She was introduced to an Australian “Uni” while attending the University of New South Wales for an exchange program. She is looking forward to graduating in May and starting life after college with plans to pursue a masters of science in the near future.

Research Category

Humanities/Social Sciences

Presentation Type

Poster Presentation

Document Type

Poster

Presentation Date

12 Apr 2006, 1:00 pm

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Apr 12th, 1:00 PM

Attention with Spatial Distractors

A pool player relies on skill, depth perception, and concentration to win. What is the affect of the solid ball, distance to shoot, and number of balls surrounding the target of a striped ball on the player’s accuracy? This experiment looks at congruent, incongruent, and neutral distractors in three spatial depths and how these affect attention. Shutter glasses and interlaced images are used to simulate spatial depth. Easy and challenging conditions were constructed. The easy condition has a target and a spatial distractor. The difficult condition has a string of letters with an imbedded target and a spatial distractor. The subject is asked to identify if the target displayed is an “X” or “Z.” A previous study illustrated that incongruent distractors have the greatest effect on attention (Nelson & Norfolk, 2006). It is hypothesized that spatial incongruence will have the same affect. In addition to this, the distractor in depth will influence the subject’s attention more than the distractor behind or on the same level as the target.