In order to understand the magnetic properties of the substituted rare-earth-iron alloys, it is especially important to know the location of the substitutional atoms within the iron lattice. The site distributions of some nontransition-metal substituents in the substituted Nd2Fe17-xTx alloys have previously been reported. Here we report the site distributions of some transition-metal substituents (Cu,Zr,Nb,Ti,V) in the Nd2Fe17-xTx alloys and compare them with those of the nontransition-metal substituted compounds. Rietveld analysis of neutron powder diffraction data indicates that the nontransition-metal substituents show very similar site affinity at low substituent content. For example Al, Ga, and Si all prefer the 18h sites. The transition-metal substituents show a more complex site affinity. Ti and V atoms strongly prefer the 6c sites, Cu atoms prefer the 9d and 18f sites, Nb atoms prefer the 6c and 18h sites, and Zr atoms prefer 6c and 18f sites. It was also noted that the site affinity can change if carbon is included in the melting procedure of the sample preparation. The superconducting quantum interference device measurements show that all the substituted compounds have a Curie temperature higher than the unsubstituted parent compound. The relationship between the site distribution of substituents and the magnetic properties of the substituted Nd2Fe17-xTx alloys is discussed.



Second Department


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Article - Journal

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Final Version

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© 1996 American Institute of Physics (AIP), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

15 Apr 1996