Cluster Structure Of The Anomalous Liquid Water
DERJAGUIN1 reported that water condensed in quartz capillaries from incompletely saturated vapour in the absence of air exhibits anomalous properties. Condensation of anomalous water occurs only on areas free of a wetting film, indicating an influence of the quartz surface. Compared with normal water, anomalous water has a lower vapour pressure, a density of 1.2-1.3 g cm-3, fifteen times greater viscosity, and one and a half times the thermal expansion coefficient2. The equilibrium vapour pressure is independent of the capillary diameter, indicating that the anomalous properties are a result of a modification in structure of the liquid phase rather than a purely surface phenomenon. © 1969 Nature Publishing Group.
R. W. Bolander et al., "Cluster Structure Of The Anomalous Liquid Water," Nature, vol. 221, no. 5187, pp. 1233 - 1234, Nature Research, Dec 1969.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1038/2211233a0
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01 Dec 1969