The Role of Cation Coordination in the Electrical and Optical Properties of Amorphous Transparent Conducting Oxides
Amorphous oxide semiconductor materials have demonstrated numerous advantages without compromise of electrical properties as compared to their crystalline counterparts, yet understanding of the fundamental principles allowing this has remained elusive. To study the origins of enhanced optoelectronic properties, we apply high-throughput, combinatorial sputtering, structural and spectral mapping, and computationally intensive ab initio molecular dynamics simulations with density functional theory to a ternary, post-transition metal oxide system, namely, zinc tin oxide. The deposited thin films exhibit a high figure of merit, achieving carrier densities in the range of 1019 to 1020 cm-3 and carrier mobilities up to 35 cm2/Vs. These results highlight the role of local distortions and cation coordination in determining the microscopic origins of carrier generation and transport. In particular, we identify the strong likelihood of Sn undercoordination in both Zn-poor and Zn-rich phases leading to the high carrier concentrations observed. This not only diverges from the still widespread historical indictment of oxygen vacancies controlling carrier population in crystalline oxides but also provides a comprehensive framework to describe the unique structure-property relationships using specific structural and electronic descriptors in disordered phase materials.
S. Husein et al., "The Role of Cation Coordination in the Electrical and Optical Properties of Amorphous Transparent Conducting Oxides," Chemistry of Materials, vol. 32, no. 15, pp. 6444-6455, American Chemical Society (ACS), Aug 2020.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.0c01672
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11 Aug 2020