The emission of a charged light lepton pair by a superluminal neutrino has been identified as a major factor in the energy loss of highly energetic neutrinos. The observation of PeV neutrinos by IceCube implies their stability against lepton pair Cerenkov radiation. Under the assumption of a Lorentz-violating dispersion relation for highly energetic superluminal neutrinos, one may thus constrain the Lorentz-violating parameters. A kinematically different situation arises when one assumes a Lorentz-covariant, space-like dispersion relation for hypothetical tachyonic neutrinos, as an alternative to Lorentz-violating theories. We here discuss a hitherto neglected decay process, where a highly energetic tachyonic neutrino may emit other (space-like, tachyonic) neutrino pairs. We find that the space-like dispersion relation implies the absence of a q2 threshold for the production of a tachyonic neutrino-antineutrino pair, thus leading to the dominant additional energy loss mechanism for an oncoming tachyonic neutrino in the medium-energy domain. Surprisingly, the small absolute values of the decay rate and energy loss rate in the tachyonic model imply that these models, in contrast to the Lorentz-violating theories, are not pressured by the cosmic PeV neutrinos registered by the IceCube collaboration.
U. D. Jentschura and I. Nandori, "Neutrino Pair Cerenkov Radiation for Tachyonic Neutrinos," Advances in High Energy Physics, Hindawi Limited, Nov 2017.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9850312
Keywords and Phrases
Parity; Solitons; Balanced gain
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2017 Ulrich D. Jentschura and Istvan Nandori, All rights reserved.
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01 Nov 2017