This Study Aimed to Examine Numerically the Effects of a Dimpled Surface over a Mini-Channel Heat Exchanger on the Flow Characteristics and Heat Transfer Across a Serpentine Channel with a Uniform Rectangular Cross-Section. the Dimples Were Arranged in Parallel with a Spanwise (Y/d) Distance of 3.125 and Streamwise (X/d) Distance of 11.25 Along Just One Side of the Serpentine Channel's Surface. Turbulent Flow Regime with Reynolds Number Ranging from 5 X 103 to 20 X 103 in the Channel with the Surface Modification Was Studied using Water and Various Volume Concentrations (Φ = 0.1%, 0.33%, 0.75%, 1%) of Al2O3-Cu/water Hybrid Nanofluid as the Coolant to Achieve a Three-Step Passive Heat Transfer Enhancement. Applying the Finite Volume Method (FVM), RNG K-E Turbulence Model, and a Constant Heat Flux of 50 KW/m2, Simulations Were Run Assuming the Mixture of Al2O3-Cu Nanoparticles Homogenous using ANSYS 2020 R1. the Second-Order Upwind Approach is Used for Approximation of Solution and Discretization with SIMPLE Pressure–velocity Coupling. Taking Heat Transfer Increment and Pressure Drop Penalty into Consideration, the Dimpled Serpentine Channel Provides a 1.47-Times Improvement in Thermal Efficiency using Water as the Coolant, and the Dimpled Channel with 1% Vol. Al2O3-Cu/water Nanofluid Enhanced Thermal Efficiency by a Remarkable Maximum of 2.67-Times at Re 5 X 103. the Study Also Indicates that Thermal Efficiency Increased with an Increasing Volume Concentration of the Nanofluid and Increment in Thermal Efficiency Gradually Decreased as the Re Increased.


Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science

Keywords and Phrases

CFD; Dimple; Heat transfer enhancement; Hybrid nanofluid; PEC; Serpentine channel

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Article - Journal

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Final Version

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Publication Date

01 Apr 2023