Conditional LAS Stochastic Simulation of Regionalized Variables in Random Fields


Ore reserves forecasts are required to aid in investment decisions, mine design and valuation, short and long term production plans and proper and efficient mill design. In random multivariable fields with limited data and high levels of uncertainty, the kriged block estimates produce a smoothing effect resulting in underestimating high values and overestimating low values. The modified conditional simulation (MCS) methodology solves these problems by simulating the random field to preserve its mean and the variance structure. The simulation model is conditioned to reproduce the data at known sample points to minimize the variability between the simulated data and the true field data. In this study, the authors develop the MCS methodology to simulate ore reserve grades using the best linear unbiased estimation (BLUE) and the local average subdivision (LAS) techniques. The MCS methodology is applied to simulate block grades in a section of the Sabi Gold Project in Zimbabwe. The results are compared with the kriged estimates for this section. Analysis of the results shows that the MCS methodology reproduces the known sample grades with minimum estimation error of 0.001 while the estimation error associated with the kriged estimates is 1.104, a 100% efficiency of the MCS method over the kriging technique. © Baltzer Science Publishers BV.


Mining Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Conditional Simulation; Kriging; Local Average Subdivision; Regionalized Variables

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 1998 Springer Verlag, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 1998