Bifurcated Three-Dimensional Forced Convection in Plane Symmetric Sudden Expansion
Simulations of bifurcated three-dimensional laminar forced convection in horizontal duct with plane symmetric sudden expansion are presented to illustrate the effects of flow bifurcations on temperature and heat transfer distributions. The stable bifurcated flow that develops in this symmetric geometry leads to non-symmetric temperature and heat transfer distributions in the transverse direction, but symmetric distributions with respect to the center width of the duct in the spanwise directions for the Reynolds number of 400-800. A strong downwash develops at the corner of the step and a smaller reverse flow region develops adjacent to the lower stepped wall than the one that develops adjacent to the upper stepped wall. The downwash and the “jet-like” flow that develop near the sidewall create a strong swirling spanwise flow in the primary recirculating flow regions downstream from the sudden expansion. The magnitude of maximum Nusselt number that develops on the lower stepped walls is higher than the one that develops on the upper stepped wall. The locations of these maximum Nusselt numbers on the stepped walls are near the sidewalls and are upstream of the “jet-like” flow impingement regions. Results reveal that the locations where the streamwise component of wall shear stress is zero on the stepped walls do not coincide with the outer edge of the recirculation flow region near the sidewalls. Velocity, temperature, Nusselt number, and friction coefficient distributions are presented.
M. Thiruvengadam et al., "Bifurcated Three-Dimensional Forced Convection in Plane Symmetric Sudden Expansion," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Elsevier, Jan 2005.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2005.02.019
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Bifurcated; Horizontal Duct; Laminar; Sudden Expansion
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2005 Elsevier, All rights reserved.
01 Jan 2005