Penetration and Impact Resistance of PDC Cutters Inclined at Different Attack Angles


In order to develop a rotary-percussive bit with diamond-enhanced cutters assisted by high pressure water jets, it is necessary to study the damage mechanism and the penetration properties of PDG cutters subject to different impact load level and rock types. Therefore the impact experiments of the single PDC cutters with different attack angles in four rocks: black basalt, Missouri red granite, Halston limestone, and a very soft (Roubidoux) sandstone were carried out, and the effects of rake angles of PDC cutters on both the penetration and impact resistance of PDC cutters have been discussed in detail. Test results show that a PDC insert can withstand a very strong impact in compression but is easily damaged by impact shearing, the PDC cutters are more easily damaged by shearing if the attack angles are relatively small, the 45 PDC cutters have the least penetration resistance among the cutters tested. Thus it is suggested that the attack angles of PDC cutters should be larger than 30 for bits which must withstand impact from a hammer.


Mining Engineering

Second Department

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

PDC Cutters; Penetration and Impact Resistance; Rotary-Percussive Drill Bits

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2000 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Apr 2000

This document is currently not available here.