Numerical Study of Gas-Solid Two-Phase Flow in a Coal Roadway after Blasting


The coal roadway heading using a blasting method is very common in China. However, the coal dust produced by blasting is the most serious problem in a roadway of coal mine. The gas—solid two-phase flow regularity for blasting heading face is the key scientific issue for dust control. In this paper, a real blasting heading face in China was taken as the physical model and a method coupling a direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) scheme with a CFD software was adopted to study the properties of dust particles (0.1—100 μm in diameter) in the flow field of a roadway after blasting. The results show that dust group produced from the heading face is jetted into the roadway under the shock wave after blasting, and is diluted from its back-end to the front-end by the airflow from the pressing pipe arranged around the heading face, then dust concentration shows an overall gradual decrease, and finally the respirable dust particles exhibit an alternant thin dense phase distribution in the roadway, whereas other dust particles (>5 μm in diameter) spread at the bottom of the roadway and form dust retention. The dust concentration in the front-end of the roadway around the heading face is always higher than that in other zones due to the existence of vortex region. The respirable dust concentration is slightly greater than the standard of air quality in the beginning, and quickly reaches the standard. But the total dust concentration always does not meet the standard of air quality in general. The simulation results are also verified by the field data. The research results are helpful for providing more suitable guidance for the dust control.


Mining Engineering


This research was supported by the National Science Fund for Excellent Young Scholars (No. 51422404), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51574172), the Coalbed Methane Joint Research Foundation of Shanxi Province (2015012008), the Program for the Innovative Talents of Higher Learning Institutions of Shanxi and the Team Foundation of Taiyuan University of Technology (No. 2014TD001). This work is also a project supported by Key Laboratory of Gas and Fire Control for Coal Mines (China University of Mining & Technology), Ministry of Education.

Keywords and Phrases

Air quality; Air quality standards; Blasting; Coal; Coal mines; Computational fluid dynamics; Computer simulation; Computer software; Dust control; Mine dust; Monte Carlo methods; Numerical methods; Shock waves; Two phase flow; Coal roadway; Direct simulation Monte Carlo; Dust concentrations; Dust distribution; Gas solid two phase flow; Gas-solid flows; Research results; Scientific issues; Coal dust; Coal roadway; Gas-solid flow; Monte Carlo method; Numerical simulation

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0921-8831; 1568-5527

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





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Publication Date

01 Jul 2016