Boron and Lead Based Chemically Bonded Phosphates Ceramics for Nuclear Waste and Radiation Shielding Applications
We present research about the development of a fast setting ceramic materials fabricated with boron oxide, and wollastonite powders with potential use for nuclear waste transport, disposal, stabilization, and radiation shielding applications. The boron oxide is mixed with calcium silicate and phosphoric acid in order to consolidate a ceramic by an acid base-reaction. These materials have high compression strength when compared with cements and with other available solutions for the treatment of nuclear wastes, and are suitable as fire resistant shielding materials. Nuclear attenuation experiments, compressive strength, x-ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscopy were used to characterize these materials. Our work indicates that a balance between lead oxide and boron oxide is needed to obtain a suitable hybrid material with good mechanical properties that can attenuate gammas and neutrons.
H. A. Colorado et al., "Boron and Lead Based Chemically Bonded Phosphates Ceramics for Nuclear Waste and Radiation Shielding Applications," Ceramic Transactions, American Ceramic Society, Oct 2013.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118751176.ch1
Materials Science and Technology, MS&T 12 ( 2012: Oct. 7-11, Pittsburgh, PA)
Mining and Nuclear Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Phosphates Ceramics; Nuclear Waste; Radiation Shielding Applications; Phosphoric Acid; Calcium Silicate
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Conference proceedings
© 2013 American Ceramic Society, All rights reserved.
11 Oct 2013