Natural Convection: A Case of Simple Harmonics
Natural convection has been an area of intense research since it was discovered over 100 years ago. However, a phenomenological explanation for the onset of natural convection is still not available. The role of surface roughness in various thermal hydraulic phenomena is widely accepted; however, the scale of roughness is missing from Rayleigh number (Ra) which is commonly used to predict the onset of natural convection. Using the mass-spring analogy, an analytical derivation is presented to accurately characterize the thermal system and the interplay of gravity, viscosity and scale of roughness responsible for the onset of natural convection. The necessary conditions for the onset of natural convection are given in terms of a new dimensionless number βgΔTεH2 / α2 which captures the effect of surface roughness. Using the mass-springs analogy, the natural frequency of the convection system is shown to depend on thermal and kinematic property of the fluid and the scale of roughness. These results are applicable to many natural system and engineering designs.
S. Usman, "Natural Convection: A Case of Simple Harmonics," Proceedings of the 2017 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (2017, Shanghai, China), vol. 6, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Jul 2017.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE25-67500
2017 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, ICONE25 (2017: July 2-6, Shanghai, China)
Mining and Nuclear Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Gravitation; Nuclear engineering; Surface roughness; Convection systems; Dimensionless number; Engineering design; Kinematic properties; Natural systems; Rayleigh number; Thermal systems; Thermal-hydraulic phenomena; Natural convection
International Standard Book Number (ISBN)
Article - Conference proceedings
© 2017 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), All rights reserved.
01 Jul 2017