A Study of US Coal Mine Closures since 1994
The United States coal mining industry is currently experiencing a decline in both demand and commodity price while facing implementation of more stringent air and water pollution regulations. Company profits have decreased significantly, forcing several major companies to declare bankruptcy. The industry was required to adapt to survive. Many of these companies have adjusted by abandoning mines; the last two decades have seen a drastic decrease in the number of mines. To discover the primary causes of this downturn, three major aspects must be studied: properties of abandoned mines, commodity history and regulatory impact.
J. Brinkman et al., "A Study of US Coal Mine Closures since 1994," Mining Engineering, vol. 69, no. 10, pp. 18-37, Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration, Oct 2017.
Mining and Nuclear Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Atmospheric pollution; Coal mine; Human activity; Mining industry; Spatiotemporal analysis; Water pollution; United States
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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01 Oct 2017