Cure Characterization of Pultruded Soy-Based Composites


Polymer matrix composites using renewable resources are currently of great interest. A novel soy-based resin system for pultrusion was synthesized at University of Missouri-Rolla (UMR). Due to relatively low reactivity of soy-based resin and short curing time of pultrusion, it is important to set up the process parameters properly in order to obtain a high quality pultruded product. In the present work, a combination of experimental and numerical methods is used to investigate the effect of pultrusion process variables on the cure of composites. A mathematical model has been developed and implemented in the commercial ABAQUS finite element package to predict the temperature and degree of cure of soy-based composites. The kinetic parameters of the soy-based epoxy resins are obtained from a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). Glass fiber-reinforced composite samples are manufactured using a pultrusion machine. For experimental verification, an online monitoring system is used to measure the temperature profiles inside the die. The degrees of cure of pultruded soy-based composites are measured by DSC. The experimental findings are in good agreement with the finite element prediction. The results indicate that the novel soy-based epoxy resin system is suitable for application in the pultrusion process.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Degree of Cure; Finite Element Analysis; Pultrusion; Soy-Based Composites

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Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2005 SAGE Publications, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2005