Digital Microfluidics: Magnetic Transportation and Coalescence of Sessile Droplets on Hydrophobic Surfaces
Magnetic digital microfluidics is advantageous over other existing droplet manipulation methods, which exploits magnetic forces for actuation and offers the flexibility of implementation in resource-limited point-of-care applications. This article discusses the dynamic behavior of a pair of sessile droplets on a hydrophobic surface under the presence of a permanent magnetic field. A phase field method-based solver is employed in a two-dimensional computational domain to numerically capture the dynamic evolution of the droplet interfaces, which again simultaneously solves the magnetic and flow fields. On a superhydrophobic surface (i.e., θc = 150°), the nonuniform magnetic field forces the pair of sessile droplets to move toward each other, which eventually leads to a jumping off phenomenon of the merged droplet from the solid surface after coalescence. Also, there exists a critical magnetic Bond number Bomcr, beyond which no coalescence event between droplets is observed. Moreover, on a less hydrophobic surface (θc ≤ 120°), the droplets still coalesce under a magnetic field, although the merged droplet does not experience any upward flight after coalescence. Also, the merging phenomenon at lower contact angle values (i.e., θc = 90°) appears significantly different than at higher contact angle values (i.e., θc = 120°). Additionally, if the pair of sessile droplets is dispersed to a different surrounding medium, the viscosity ratio plays a significant role in the upward flight of the merged droplet, where the coalesced droplet exhibits increased vertical migration at higher viscosity ratios.
M. R. Hassan et al., "Digital Microfluidics: Magnetic Transportation and Coalescence of Sessile Droplets on Hydrophobic Surfaces," Langmuir: The ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 5823-5837, American Chemical Society (ACS), May 2021.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.1c00141
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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18 May 2021