The ability to predict mass flow behavior during hot rolling is essential to product quality. In this study, viscoplastic models of the steels from SSAB and U.S. Steel were developed based on experimental stress-strain curves. A three-dimensional nonlinear finite element model was built to simulate a reverse plate hot rolling and a hot strip rolling process. For plate rolling, a seven pass schedule was simulated. The plastic strain distributions during rolling were investigated. The results show that the surface of the plate has larger plastic strain than the center. In the case of hot strip rolling, the simulation predicts that material flows from the sides to the top and bottom surfaces during edging. The top and bottom surfaces were then rolled flat. Details of the material flow and strain distributions during edging and rolling are presented in this paper.

Meeting Name

AIST 2nd International Symposium on the Recent Developments in Plate Steels (2018: Jun. 3-6, Orlando, FL)


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Second Department

Materials Science and Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Peaslee Steel Manufacturing Research Center

Second Research Center/Lab

Center for High Performance Computing Research

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2018 Association for Iron & Steel Technology (AIST), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

06 Jun 2018