The current effort involved investigation into the anisotropy of AISI 304L fabricated through laser powder bed fusion. Charpy V‐notch specimens made from material fabricated at three different build orientations were tested and analyzed. A statistically significant difference among the toughness values indicates the presence of anisotropy within the additively manufactured material. While the lowest toughness was found in vertically built specimens, the horizontal specimens were found to exhibit the highest toughness. From the fracture surfaces, an atypical mode of failure was observed. Exclusive crack propagation along the interlayer track boundaries was observed. The toughness variation correlated with the ease of access for crack propagation along the interlayer track boundaries. From Weibull distribution fits of toughness data, the toughness of 3D printed 304L was more variant and lower in comparison with wrought 304L.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Second Department

Materials Science and Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Intelligent Systems Center


Published online: 29 Mar 2019

This work has been funded by Honeywell Federal Manufacturing & Technologies under Contract No DE‐NA0002839with the US Department of Energy. The United States Government retains and the publisher, by accepting the articlefor publication, acknowledges that the United States Government retains a nonexclusive, paid up, irrevocable, world‐wide license to publish or reproduce the published form of this manuscript, or allow others to do so, for the UnitedStates Government purposes. The supports from National Science Foundation Grant CMMI‐1625736 and the IntelligentSystems Center (ISC) at Missouri S&T are greatly appreciated.

Keywords and Phrases

AISI 304L; Anisotropy; Fractography; Impact Toughness; Powder Bed Fusion; SLM; Weibull Distribution

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2019 Wiley, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Dec 2021