Inherent and Epistemic Uncertainty Analysis for Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations of Synthetic Jet Actuators
A mixed uncertainty quantification method was applied to computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling of a synthetic jet actuator. A test case, flow over a hump model with synthetic jet actuators, was selected from the CFDVAL2004 workshop to apply the second-order probability framework implemented with a stochastic response surface obtained from quadrature-based nonintrusive polynomial chaos. Three uncertainty sources were considered: (1) epistemic uncertainty in turbulence model, (2) inherent uncertainty in free stream velocity, and (3) inherent uncertainty in actuation frequency. Uncertainties in both long-time averaged and phase averaged quantities were quantified using a fourth-order polynomial chaos expansion. A global sensitivity analysis with Sobol indices was utilized to rank the importance of each uncertainty source to the overall output uncertainty. The results indicated that for the long-time averaged separation bubble size, the uncertainty in turbulence model had a dominant contribution, which was also observed in the long-time averaged skin-friction coefficients at three selected locations. The mixed uncertainty results for phase-averaged x-velocity distributions at three selected locations showed that the 95% confidence interval could generally envelop the experimental data. The Sobol indices showed that near the wall, the uncertainty in turbulence model had a main influence on the x-velocity. While approaching the main stream, the uncertainty in free stream velocity became a larger contributor. The mixed uncertainty quantification approach demonstrated in this study can also be applied to other CFD problems with inherent and epistemic uncertainties.
D. F. Han and S. Hosder, "Inherent and Epistemic Uncertainty Analysis for Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations of Synthetic Jet Actuators," International Journal for Uncertainty Quantification, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 511-533, Begell House Inc., Jan 2014.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1615/Int.J.UncertaintyQuantification.2014010659
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Center for High Performance Computing Research
Keywords and Phrases
Computational Fluid Dynamics; Polynomial Chaos; Stochastic Response Surface; Synthetic Jet Actuators; Uncertainty Quantification
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2014 Begell House Inc., All rights reserved.
01 Jan 2014