Robust Vibration Control of Composite Beams Using Piezoelectric Devices and Neural Networks


Robust vibration control of smart composite beams using neural networks was studied. Linear quadratic Gaussian with loop transfer recovery (LQG/LTR) methodology was used to design a robust controller on the basis of the state space model of the system. The state space model of the system was obtained using the finite-element method and mode superposition. The finite-element model was based on a higher-order shear deformation theory which included the lateral strains. The mode superposition method was used to transform the coupled finite-element equations of motion in the physical coordinates into a set of reduced uncoupled equations in the modal coordinates. The performance of the LQG/LTR controller was verified for various arbitrary initial conditions. A system of neural networks was then trained to emulate the robust controller. The neural network system was trained using the backpropagation algorithm. After suitable training, the NN (neural network) controller was shown to effectively control the vibrations of the composite beam. A robustness study including the effects of tip mass, structural parameter variation, and loss of a sensor input was performed. The NN controller is shown to provide robustness and control capabilities equivalent to that of the LQG/LTR controller.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

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Article - Journal

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© 1997 Institute of Physics - IOP Publishing, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 1997