Finite Element Modeling of Sheared Flow Effects on the Radiation Characteristics of Acoustic Sources in a Circular Duct


The recent interest in propeller noise generation, stimulated by development of new propeller types for commercial propjets, has generated a need for the ability to measure the noise characteristics of propellers. However, wind tunnel noise measurements are affected by reflections from the wind tunnel walls. Computer codes predicting the free-field noise of a propeller and its noise field in a circular wind tunnel allow validating the use of wind tunnel measurements to predict free-field noise characteristics. a wind tunnel contains flow which is uniform in the duct axial direction, but can vary in the radial direction. It can be shown that a third-order differential equation governs the acoustic pressure field for such a duct containing radially sheared subsonic flow. This third-order problem is then posed as a coupled pair of equations which are second-order in terms of acoustic density and first-order in terms of an artificial variable which represents the effects of the flow being sheared. It is shown that this form of the problem allows a natural extension of the existing numerical solution techniques for non-sheared flow. the sheared flow problem is presented, and a finite element method is developed to yield a solution for propeller-type acoustic forces. the finite element code and method are refined with numerical experiments, and results are presented for a specific propeller and duct geometry. Good agreement is shown between this method and an alternate approach to the sheared flow problem using a piecewise constant representation of the velocity in the boundary layer. This validates both the numerical methods.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

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Article - Journal

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© 1993 Wiley-Blackwell, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 1993