A Robust Design Method Using Variable Transformation and Gauss-Hermite Integration


Robust design seeks an optimal solution where the design objective is insensitive to the variations of input variables while the design feasibility under the variations is maintained. Accurate robustness assessment for both design objective and feasibility usually requires an intensive computational effort. In this paper, an accurate robustness assessment method with a moderate computational effort is proposed. The numerical Gauss-Hermite integration technique is employed to calculate the mean and standard deviation of the objective and constraint functions. To effectively use the Gauss-Hermite integration technique, a transformation from a general random variable into a normal variable is performed. The Gauss-Hermite integration and the transformation result in concise formulas and produce an accurate approximation to the mean and standard deviation. This approach is then incorporated into the framework of robust design optimization. The design of a two-bar truss and an automobile torque arm is used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method. The results are compared with the commonly used Taylor expansion method and Monte Carlo simulation in terms of accuracy and efficiency. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering


University of Missouri Research Board
University of Missouri--Rolla. Intelligent Systems Center
National Science Foundation (U.S.)

Keywords and Phrases

Robust Design; Optimization; Gauss-Hermite Integration; Uncertainty

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2006 John Wiley & Sons, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2006