Shape Effect on the Performance of Carbon FRP Wraps


At present, fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials are extensively used to strengthen concrete structures and a main application is wrapping compression members such as building and bridge columns for improved strength and ductility. In this case, FRP laminates are intended to provide confinement to the concrete and the cross section shape plays an important role on the effectiveness of the method. The primary purpose of this paper is to introduce a test device and a test method designed to determine the effect of corner radius on the strength of the FRP laminate and on the distribution of the resulting radial stress on the substrate material. Various curvatures were investigated. In the proposed device, they can be realized by using interchangeable inserts. Strain distribution around the corner, failure load, and failure mode of the FRP laminate were monitored and analyzed. The stress concentration in the laminate is studied numerically using the finite element method and compared with experimental results. The relationship between radial stress distribution and corner radius is determined to provide guidance in practical cases.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Second Department

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering


United States. Federal Highway Administration

Keywords and Phrases

Concrete Structures; Fiber Reinforced Polymers; Laminates; Reinforcement; Shape; Tests

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2004 American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2004