The lattice-constant and density method revealed that a high-purity silicon crystal free of dislocations has a perfect lattice without an excess of vacant sites or interstitials (n′=8.0000 4) within the limits of error, in agreement with the results obtained with the decoration method. The lattice constant of vacuum heated silicon powder of semiconductor purity was 5.43070±0.00004 A; that of the nonheat-treated powder was 5.43081 A at 25°C. The constants determined from crystal chips by the rotating crystal method were lower: between 5.43028-5.43048 A at 25°C. As the constants of each series of measurements could be reproduced very well (s=±0.00004 A), the lower values suggested the presence of some unknown systematic errors, the magnitude of which is outside the scope of errors due to absorption. The thermal expansion coefficients of all samples between 10°-60°C were (2.6±0.4)×10 -6/°C. The average density of etched crystal chips was 2.3289±0.0001 g/cm 3. The lower density of the nonetched chips indicated the presence of microcracks, removable by etching, within the distorted surface layers. There was no significant difference in density of bars sawed, or of chips broken from the crystal and etched.
M. E. Straumanis et al., "Perfection of the Lattice of Dislocation-Free Silicon, Studied by the Lattice-Constant and Density Method," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 1382-1384, American Institute of Physics (AIP), Jul 1961.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1736238
Materials Science and Engineering
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© 1961 American Institute of Physics (AIP), All rights reserved.
01 Jul 1961