Oxygen transport through a dense oxygen conducting ceramic membrane is driven by an oxygen activity gradient imposed by the gas streams on either side of the membrane. The oxygen activity on each side of the membrane is altered as oxygen is transported across the membrane. Thus, the oxygen activity gradient will not be the same in each region of a membrane and will generate a different oxygen flux. This interaction between the oxygen gradient and the oxygen flux can produce a lower average oxygen flux across the membrane, can mask differences between materials, and can explain the dependence of oxygen flux on oxygen activity. An oxygen flux model has been developed that takes into account the rate of oxygen transport across the membrane, the reducing gas flow rate and the reducing gas composition when determining the oxygen activity gradient imposed on the membrane. The model was validated by collecting oxygen flux data for a dense perovskite ceramic membrane at 1000 °C under a wide range of concentrations and flow rates of CO and CO2 on one side and air on the other side of the membrane. The results show that an order of magnitude variation in the oxygen flux can be produced merely by changing the reducing gas flow rate. These results can help explain differences in oxygen flux data reported over a range of conditions and shed light on the rate limiting step in oxygen transport through dense oxygen conducting ceramic membranes.


Materials Science and Engineering


National Institute of Standards and Technology, Grant 70NANB5H1065

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2024 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2000