The sinter ability of (La,Ca)CrO3 is analyzed by comparing the liquid phase behavior in A-site excess and A-site deficient compositions (referring to the ABO3 formula). The analysis shows that a series of A-site excess and deficient compositions form distinct liquid phases belonging to the CaO-Cr2O3 phase system. Although both series experience grain growth and densification due to the presence of a liquid phase, the A-site excess compositions exhibit greater shrinkage and sinter to closed porosity, whereas the A-site deficient compositions remain porous. During the final stages of sintering, surplus liquid from the A-site excess material exudes to the free-surface forming a layer of uniform thickness. By comparison, the liquid in the A-site deficient composition segregates to the free-surface forming islands and leaving porous regions in the bulk matrix. It is concluded that the different liquid phase compositions in the A-site excess and A-site deficient (La,Ca)CrO3 have dissimilar wetting characteristics during the later stages of sintering. The A-site deficient liquid forms a premature solid phase, which accounts for the difference in sintering behavior. © 1996 Chapman & Hall.


Materials Science and Engineering

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2024 Springer, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 1996