Structure of Tin Phosphate Glasses by Neutron and X-Ray Diffraction
Neutron and X-ray diffraction experiments with large ranges of scattering vector, up to Qmax of 400 nm-1 and 250 nm-1, respectively, were performed on (SnO)x(P25)1-x glasses with 0.5 ≤ x ≤ 0.7, and the structural parameters of the P[sbnd]O and Sn[sbnd]O polyhedra were determined. The fraction of P—NBO (non-bridging oxygen) bonds increases systematically at the expense of the P—BO (bridging oxygen) bonds with SnO additions. The Sn[sbnd]O coordination number decreases in a predictable way from four at the metaphosphate composition (x = 0.5) to about three at the diphosphate composition (x = 0.67). The structural units are assumed to be SnO 4 trigonal bipyramids and SnO 3 trigonal pyramids with the lone-pair of Sn(II) electrons occupying one of the corners, similar to those in related crystal structures. For all glasses up to x = 0.67, the SnOz pyramids and PO4 tetrahedra form a continuous network with P-O-P and P-O-Sn bonds and the Sn[sbnd]O polyhedra do not share oxygen neighbors. From comparisons of the compositional dependences of the Sn-O and Zn-O coordination numbers and the respective number densities of atoms in the binary tin and zinc phosphate glasses, it is presumed that the Sn[sbnd]O coordination increases further with NSnO > 4 in the ultraphosphate range (x < 0.5).
U. Hoppe et al., "Structure of Tin Phosphate Glasses by Neutron and X-Ray Diffraction," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids: X, vol. 2, Elsevier B.V., Jun 2019.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nocx.2019.100017
Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Geometry; Glass; Oxygen; X ray diffraction; Zinc compounds, Compositional dependence; Coordination number; Non-bridging oxygen; Scattering vectors; Structural parameter; Trigonal bipyramids; Trigonal pyramids; Zinc phosphate glass, Nitrogen compounds
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2019 The Author(s) , All rights reserved.
01 Jun 2019