Analysis of Hot- and Cold-Rolled Loads in Medium-Mn TRIP Steels


The purpose of this work is to investigate the hot- and cold-rolling requirements to produce third-generation advanced high-strength steels (AHSS). Therefore, five medium-Mn (10 to 14 wt pct Mn) alloys that exhibit transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) were compared to a commercially produced grade of AISI 1018 using hot- and cold-rolling experiments. Experimental data collected from a STANAT instrumented rolling mill was utilized to measure force and torque during hot- and cold-rolling. Experimental data were processed by a 1D analytical model, based on Orowan model, to determine rolling pressure. It was determined that pressures required to hot-roll TRIP alloys are 1.4 to 1.8 times greater than pressures for rolling AISI 1018 steel. Cold rolling of the medium-Mn TRIP steels was found to be 1.5 to 2.8 times greater than the AISI 1018 steel. Mechanical and microstructural characterization was also performed and the variation in rolling pressure was related to the starting microstructural constituents, and alloys containing greater starting quantities of ε-martensite in the microstructure had higher flow stresses at equivalent rolling strains during cold rolling.


Materials Science and Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Peaslee Steel Manufacturing Research Center


This work was supported by the Peaslee Steel Manufacturing Research Center (PSMRC).

Keywords and Phrases

Cold rolled steel; Cold rolling; Elasticity; Hot rolled steel; Manganese alloys; Manganese steel; Metal cladding; Microalloyed steel; Plasticity; Rolling resistance; Steel sheet; Structural design; Transformation Induced Plasticity steel, Epsilon martensite; Force and torques; Micro-structural; Micro-structural characterization; Mn trip steels; Rolling pressure; Third generation; Transformation induced plasticity, High strength steel

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1073-5615; 1543-1916

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





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Publication Date

01 Jun 2019