Impedance Models and Water Transport Behavior of Steel Pipe Coated with Cathodically Polarized Enamel


Cathodic protection (CP) integrated with a protective barrier (e.g., thick organic coating) has been widely applied for the corrosion protection of steel pipelines. However, CP may make the pipe-coating interface become a more alkaline environment, potentially leading to cathodic delamination of the coating. It is, therefore, essential to evaluate the compatibility of new coating with CP in steel pipeline applications. Porcelain enamel, as an inorganic coating material, is widely used in chemical reactors, heat exchangers, or food-processing vessels due to its excellent engineering properties such as high abrasion, corrosion, and heat resistances. In this study, enamel-coated steel pipe samples with various levels of cathodic protection were tested to investigate their impedance models by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). One electrical equivalent circuit (EEC) models were used to fit the EIS data of coated samples without CP, while two EEC models were employed for samples with CP. Coating capacitance was used to investigate the water absorption characteristic in coating. Through scanning electron microscopy (SEM), no corrosion products and delamination of enamel coating were found at the interface of steel substrate and enamel coating due to its chemical bond with metal substrates.

Meeting Name

CORROSION 2018 Conference and Expo (2018: Apr. 15-19, Phoenix, AZ)


Materials Science and Engineering

Second Department

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

INSPIRE - University Transportation Center


The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by the U.S. Department of Transportation under Award No. DTPH5615HCAP10.

Keywords and Phrases

Alkalinity; Cathodic protection (CP); Electrochemical corrosion; Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS); Enamels; Equivalent circuits; Heat resistance; Organic coatings; Pipeline corrosion; Pipelines; Scanning electron microscopy; Spectroscopy; Steel corrosion; Steel pipe; Substrates; Thermal processing (foods); Water absorption; Absorption characteristics; Alkaline environment; Cathodic delamination; Coating capacitance; Electrical equivalent circuit; Enamel coatings; Engineering properties; Pipeline steel; Corrosion resistant coatings; Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)


International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version


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Publication Date

01 Apr 2018