Structure of Na₂O-GeO₂-P₂O₅ Glasses by X-Ray and Neutron Diffraction


Large fractions of six-coordinated Si are detected in Na2O-SiO2-P2O5 glasses with large P2O5 contents, and so six-coordinated Ge is expected in the structures of Na2O-GeO2-P2O5 (NGP) glasses with similar P2O5 contents. This behavior is investigated by X-ray and neutron diffraction. The Ge-O coordination numbers vary in the range 4.45 ≤ NGeO ≤ 5.6. Most GeO6 octahedra exist in the glass with the smallest GeO2 fraction (24 mol%). The Na+ ions are associated only with non-bridging oxygens (NBO) on phosphate tetrahedra, even though the ratio n(NBO)/n(Na) decreases from two for NaPO3 glass to ~ 1.3 for a glass with 37 mol% GeO2. The peak shape of the P-O distances changes strongly between NaPO3 and the NGP glass of 24 mol% but it is unchanged for the other NGP glasses. Atomistic models of the glasses with the maximum possible NGeO, with Na+ ions that find full charge compensation on NBO neighbors successfully reproduce the experimental NGeOs. The corresponding behavior is described by a general equation which is based on the mole fractions of Na2O, P2O5, and GeO2 and the ratio n(NBO)/n(Na). An earlier study of similar K2O-GeO2-P2O5 glasses with greater GeO2 content revealed the existence of strong pre-peaks in the scattering intensities at very small Q-values (7.5 nm-1). Here, similar pre-peaks are observed (at 8 nm-1) which are interpreted with an analogous model. Na-rich and Ge-rich phosphate nano-domains with distances of ~ 1.0 nm for repetition of like domains are assumed to explain the pre-peaks.


Materials Science and Engineering


This workwas supported in part by the National Science Foundation (DMR 0305202).

Keywords and Phrases

Germanium; Neutron Diffraction; Phosphates; X Ray Diffraction, Charge Compensation; Coordination Number; General Equations; Germanates; Glass Structure; Non-Bridging Oxygen; Scattering Intensity; X-Ray And Neutron Diffraction, Glass

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Article - Journal

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© 2014 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Apr 2014