Evaluation of Methods to Produce Tough Cr₃Si Based Composites


Several methods of improving the toughness of Cr-Cr3Si composites produced by powder metallurgy have been examined. Mechanical alloying of Cr-3.92 w/o with 0.5 w/o V showed the best improvement in toughness of this phase. Replacing Cr3Si with a (Cr0.57, Mo0.43)3Si, produced in situ from a mechanically alloyed powder, offered a slight improvement in toughness. By combining these phases a composite was produced with a toughness greater than 10 MPa m-2. Other second phase materials were also examined for providing second phase toughening of Cr3Si. These include an Fe-Al alloy, Ni3Al + B, and 304L stainless steel. At the level of 25 v/o these materials at present do not appear to offer much improvement in toughness. Cr-Cr3Si composites were hot forged to produce a more layered microstructure and refine the micro structure of arc-melted samples. The layered micro structure should be tougher, but has not been tested yet.


Materials Science and Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Chromium Compounds; Chromium Powder Metallurgy; Composite Materials; Forging; Mechanical Alloying; Microstructure; Toughness; Chromium Silicide; Second Phase Toughening; Intermetallics; Cr-Cr3Si Composites; Layered Microstructure; Powder Metallurgy; Second Phase Toughening

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Document Type

Article - Journal

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© 1997 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Dec 1997

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