Impact is among the important loading scenario which is required to be addressed for fibre reinforced plastics (FRP) materials in ground or space vehicle applications. The failure behaviour of FRP materials under impact loading is a complex process and a detailed analysis of various mode of failure is necessary. In this paper the failure behaviour of laminated carbon fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP) composite structures under impact loading is investigated by conducting numerical simulations using the explicit finite element analysis ANSYS LS-DYNA software [1]. The impact responses and failure behaviours are being investigated by performing a parametric study and sensitivity analysis in which impact velocity, number of plies, incident angle, friction between contacted surfaces, impactor mass and the geometry are varied in separate cases. The FE model is validated by comparing the numerical results with other published results and good correlations are achieved.


Materials Science and Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Analysis of various; Complex Processes; Explicit finite element analysis; Failure behaviour; FE model; Good correlations; Impact; Impact loadings; Impact response; Impact velocities; Impactors; Incident angles; Low velocity impact; LS-DYNA; Numerical results; Parametric study; Space vehicles; Carbon fibers; Composite structures; Delamination; Energy absorption; Fiber reinforced plastics; Finite element method; Loading; Structure (composition); Laminated composites

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2011 MechAero Foundation for Technical Research & Education Excellence (MAFTREE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2011