Stability Radius and Internal Versus External Stability in Banach Spaces: An Evolution Semigroup Approach


In this paper the theory of evolution semigroups is developed and used to provide a framework to study the stability of general linear control systems. These include autonomous and nonautonomous systems modeled with unbounded state-space operators acting on Banach spaces. This approach allows one to apply the classical theory of strongly continuous semigroups to time-varying systems. In particular, the complex stability radius may be expressed explicitly in terms of the generator of an (evolution) semigroup. Examples are given to show that classical formulas for the stability radius of an autonomous Hilbert-space system fail in more general settings. Upper and lower bounds on the stability radius are proven for Banach-space systems. In addition, it is shown that the theory of evolution semigroups allows for a straightforward operator-theoretic analysis of internal stability as determined by classical frequency-domain and input-output operators, even for nonautonomous Banach-space systems. In particular, for the nonautonomous setting, internal stability is shown to be equivalent to input-output stability for stabilizable and detectable systems. For the autonomous setting, an explicit formula for the norm of input-output operator is given.


Mathematics and Statistics

Keywords and Phrases

Mathematical operators; System stability; Exponential stability; Hilbert-space systems; System theory

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0363-0129; 1095-7138

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2000 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Nov 2000