Masters Theses

Keywords and Phrases

Filtration; Fracture; Gating; Inclusions; Reoxidation; Steel


“Non-metallic inclusions are mainly comprised of oxides, sulfides, and nitrides, and are formed in liquid steel during the melting and refining process, as a result of reoxidation, worn-out refractories, or entrained slag. The notch toughness of high strength steels is particularly susceptible to the type, number, size, and distribution of non-metallic inclusions. High manganese and aluminum austenitic steels, or Fe-Mn-Al steels, have gained much interest in the military and automotive sector because of their excellent combinations of high strength and toughness. However, these steels are subject to both oxide bifilms and aluminum nitride, AlN, inclusions which form during melting and casting. During the casting process, the gating system plays an important role in determining the casting quality and the overall level of inclusions and bifilm defects. Two solutions to control inclusions during mold filling include molten metal filtration and design of novel “naturally pressurized” gating systems that control metal flow into the casting cavity and reduce air entrainment. However, the use of filters and these naturally pressurized gating systems add an additional cost and generally reduce casting yield. In the current study, the effects of filtration and gating design on reduction of bifilms and inclusions in Fe-Mn-Al steel were determined using two novel mold designs. A parallel gating study involving an aluminum deoxidized, cast composition of SAE 8630 was also performed. The results of this study showed that ceramic foam filters were more effective at removing solid oxide bifilms and aluminum nitride inclusions from Fe-Mn-Al steel castings than the naturally pressurized gating systems. Future studies should be directed at developing naturally pressurized gating systems with filters”--Abstract, page iv.


Bartlett, Laura

Committee Member(s)

O'Malley, Ronald J.
Lekakh, S. N. (Semen Naumovich)


Materials Science and Engineering

Degree Name

M.S. in Materials Science and Engineering


The author would like to thank the American Foundry Society for sponsoring this project. This project was supported in part by the Wolf Endowed Funds for metal casting education and research at Missouri University of Science and Technology.


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Fall 2020

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • Filtration efficiency of inclusions in lightweight FeMnAl steels
  • Quantifying the effect of filling conditions on 8630 steel casting quality
  • Quantifying the effect of filling on high manganese and aluminum steel casting quality


xvii, 144 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographic references.


© 2020 Koushik Karthikeyan Balasubramanian, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

File Type




Thesis Number

T 11772

Electronic OCLC #