"Titanium is estimated to comprise about .63% of the lithosphere and atmosphere. This would render it the ninth in abundance of all the elements, and fourth in abundance of the metals suitable for mechanical and structural uses, being exceeded only by iron, aluminum, and magnesium. It is approximately 400 times more abundant than lead, which is generally considered to be quite plentiful. The chief restriction of the commercial availability of titanium in its pure form has been the difficulty of reducing it from its ores. Several methods have been proposed in the past and recent years, and R. S. Dean and associates produced 100-pound batches of titanium by the modified Kroll process. The Kroll process is essentially the reduction of titanium tetrachloride with molten magnesium in an inert atmosphere. The separation of the titanium from the magnesium salts is made by leaching and acid treatment, and the resulting powder can be compressed and sintered into solid ductile masses. It was concluded that the Kroll process was the most practical for large scale operations. Therefore, it is reasonable to believe that the production of ductile titanium in commercial proportions will be only a matter of time. Very little literature is published on the addition of other metals to titanium although a great deal is available on the addition of titanium to other metals...the author attempted to ascertain some of the nature and deportment of the unknown alloy system of titanium and tin. Such an investigation will be useful in future work on ternary systems of Ti and Sn as two of the components, and another point of interest emanated from the statement that certain Ti-Sn alloys might exhibit a pyrophoric nature. It was also desired to attempt to make some of the alloys by powder metallurgy methods using titanium hydride and tin powders"--Introduction, page 1-3.
Eppelsheimer, Daniel S., 1909-1988
Materials Science and Engineering
M.S. in Metallurgical Engineering
Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy
vi, 63 pages
© 1948 James Eugene Reynolds, Jr., All rights reserved.
Thesis - Open Access
Titanium alloys -- Metallurgy
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Link to Catalog Record
Reynolds, James Eugene, "A preliminary investigation of the titanium-tin equilibrium system" (1948). Masters Theses. 4865.