Masters Theses


Yong Wang


“Antibiotics are used as a feed additive to promote livestock production. In the United States, there are roughly 2.5 million kilograms of antibiotics used for livestock production each year. There has been increasing public concern, however, that this widespread antibiotic use may lead to contamination of the ground and surface water. This contamination risk increases the potential for the creation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria that could pose a risk to human health.

In this paper, seven antibiotics: carbadox (CARB), sulfamerazine (SMRZ), sulfamethazine (SMZN), sulfadimethoxine (SDMX), sulfathiazole (STZL), sulfachlorpyradazine (SCPD) and trimethoprim (TRMP) were chosen for study of pharmaceutical water removal. Alum coagulation, iron coagulation, lime softening, powdered activated carbon (PAC) sorption, chlorination, ultraviolet (UV), ozonation, ion exchange, and reverse osmosis (RO) were used for treating antibiotics.

The results showed that alum coagulation, iron coagulation, lime softening, UV photolysis and ion exchange methods were determined to be ineffective for treating antibiotics. However, PAC, chlorination, ozonation and RO were more effective, and could attain 90 percent removal of pharmaceuticals. Chlorination of pharmaceuticals created oxidation byproducts detected by HPLC/UV. Identification of the identity and properties of these byproducts were beyond the scope of this study. The further research should focus on PAC, chlorination and ozonation methods"--Abstract, page iv.


Adams, C. D. (Craig D.)

Committee Member(s)

Burken, Joel G. (Joel Gerard)
Mormile, Melanie R.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Degree Name

M.S. in Environmental Engineering


University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

Fall 2000

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • Treatment of Pharmaceuticals in Surface Water and Distilled Water using Conventional Water Treatment Processes


xii, 91 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references.


© 2000 Yong Wang, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Thesis - Restricted Access

File Type




Thesis Number

T 7840

Print OCLC #


Link to Catalog Record

Electronic access to the full-text of this document is restricted to Missouri S&T users. Otherwise, request this publication directly from Missouri S&T Library or contact your local library.

Share My Thesis If you are the author of this work and would like to grant permission to make it openly accessible to all, please click the button above.