"Linear three dimensional finite element analysis was performed on bolted pressure vessel joints to determine maximum stresses and stress concentration factors in the bolt head fillet as a result of the prying action. The three dimensional finite element models consisted of a segment of the flanges containing one bolt, using cyclic symmetry boundary conditions. The flanges considered were each 20 mm in thickness, with 901.7 mm inner diameter and a constant internal pressure of 0.6895 MPa (100 psi). The outer flange diameter was varied from 1021 mm to 1041 mm in steps of 5 mm. The bolt circle diameter was varied from 960.2 mm to 980.2 mm in steps of 5 mm. The bolts used were 16 mm diameter metric bolts with standard head and nut thickness and the threads were not modeled.
Stress concentration factors in the bolt head fillet were calculated and they ranged from 3.34 to 4.80. Stresses as well as the stress concentration factors in the bolt head fillet increase with an increase in bolt circle diameter for a given outer flange dimension. Keeping the bolt circle diameter the same, stresses and stress concentration factors in the bolt head fillet decrease with increase in outer flange diameter. The maximum stresses in the bolt were also calculated according to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code and the Verein Deutscher Ingenieur (VDI) guidelines and compared to the results observed through finite element analysis. The stresses obtained through FEA were larger than those predicted by the ASME and VDI methods by a factor that ranged between 2.96 to 3.41 (ASME) and 2.76 to 3.63 (VDI)"--Abstract, page iv.
Lehnhoff, T. F., 1939-
Stutts, Daniel S.
Grow, David E.
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
M.S. in Mechanical Engineering
University of Missouri--Rolla
ix, 47 pages
© 2000 Gowri Srinivasan, All rights reserved.
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Srinivasan, Gowri, "Bolt head fillet stress concentration factors in cylindrical pressure vessels" (2000). Masters Theses. 1902.
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