Masters Theses


"The palynology of the Eocene Esmeraldas Formation in the Middle Magdalena Valley Basin, Colombia was analyzed in order to constrain the age of the unit. This formation is a very important oil reservoir in the Middle Magdalena Valley Basin, which is a product of a fragmentation of a Cenozoic foreland basin by the Northern Andes. It created structural complexities and syntectonic deposition. The lateral continuity of the formation, as well as its correlations with lithostratigraphic units is adjacent basins, are not clearly understood. The Los Corros Fossil Horizon, a mollusk horizon in the upper part of the Esmeraldas Formation, is used to differentiate the formation. This horizon is not laterally continuous all over the basin and its age is still debatable. Data from eighty-two (82) samples from an outcrop section in the Nuevo Mundo Syncline area and from seven previously studied wells have been integrated with a palynological zonation of northern South America in order to date the Esmeraldas Formation. The age ranges from the Early-Middle Eocene to Late Eocene. The Esmeraldas Formation is correlative with the upper Picacho Formation and the lower part of the Concentracion Formation in the Eastern Cordillera, and the upper Mirador Formation and the base of the Carbonera Formation in the Llanos Foothills. The Los Corros Fossil Horizon is Late Eocene and is time-correlative with a marine transgression in the central Llanos Foothills. A non-metric multidimensional scaling analysis using both the Sorensen and the Morisita-Horn Indices suggests that the floras from the Middle Magdalena Valley were different to the Llano Foothills area during the Middle to Late Eocene. This is apparently due to different environments of deposition. The results of this study will contribute to a better understanding of the overall evolution of the Middle Magdalena Valley Basin"--Abstract, page iii.


Oboh-Ikuenobe, Francisca

Committee Member(s)

Jaramillo, Carlos A.
Liu, Kelly H.


Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

Degree Name

M.S. in Geology and Geophysics


Colombian Petroleum Institute


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Fall 2010


x, 117 pages, maps

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 110-116).

Geographic Coverage

Magdalena River Valley (Colombia)


© 2010 Guillermo Rodriguez-Forero, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Thesis - Restricted Access

File Type




Subject Headings

Palynology -- Colombia -- Magdalena River Valley
Palynology -- Eocene

Thesis Number

T 9751

Print OCLC #


Electronic OCLC #


Link to Catalog Record

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