Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

5-24-2010

Session End Date

5-29-2010

Abstract

Retaining Wall failures have frequently occurred during seismic events and have therefore been the subject of much research. The pseudo-static force designs, based on the Mononobe-Okabe earth pressure coefficient equations, have been adopted by most current design codes due to its simplicity and ease of use. However, it is clear that there are limitations attached with this approach and more research is required into how the earth pressures develop during seismic events. This paper investigates the seismic behaviour of sheet pile retaining walls using centrifuge testing facilities. In addition to using bending moment strain gauges on the wall, new generation earth pressure cells have also been used to investigate the generation of active and passive earth pressures. The results indicate that Mononobe-Okabe equations give relatively good estimates of active earth pressures but may be over-predicting passive earth pressures at certain peak ground acceleration levels. It was also found that earth pressure cells are successful in providing good qualitative data but are unable to produce quantitative results. Based on these results, it is suggested that pseudo-static force design may not be appropriate in all cases and better solutions, which are equally easy to implement, should be explored.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fifth Conference

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

5-24-2010

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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May 24th, 12:00 AM May 29th, 12:00 AM

Dynamic Earth Pressures and Earth Pressure Cell Measurements

San Diego, California

Retaining Wall failures have frequently occurred during seismic events and have therefore been the subject of much research. The pseudo-static force designs, based on the Mononobe-Okabe earth pressure coefficient equations, have been adopted by most current design codes due to its simplicity and ease of use. However, it is clear that there are limitations attached with this approach and more research is required into how the earth pressures develop during seismic events. This paper investigates the seismic behaviour of sheet pile retaining walls using centrifuge testing facilities. In addition to using bending moment strain gauges on the wall, new generation earth pressure cells have also been used to investigate the generation of active and passive earth pressures. The results indicate that Mononobe-Okabe equations give relatively good estimates of active earth pressures but may be over-predicting passive earth pressures at certain peak ground acceleration levels. It was also found that earth pressure cells are successful in providing good qualitative data but are unable to produce quantitative results. Based on these results, it is suggested that pseudo-static force design may not be appropriate in all cases and better solutions, which are equally easy to implement, should be explored.