Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

5-24-2010

Session End Date

5-29-2010

Abstract

This paper describes 3-D finite element dynamic analysis of retaining wall structures with consideration of the soil-structure interaction. Purpose of this study is to reduce damages due to earthquake in such structures. For this reason, finite element program ANSYS has been used. The analysis data is based on 1995 Kobe earthquake report and the results have been verified with some retaining walls were damaged in that earthquake. To take into account the non-linearity of soil-structure surface, surface to surface contact element is used. One of the most important problems in dynamic analysis is modeling of infinite media. If hinge or sliding support for soil boundary is used in finite element method, it would not define an acceptable boundary condition, because the transmitted earthquake waves reflect from the boundary and no energy would transmit out. For simulation of the unbounded nature of the soil medium, viscous (dashpot) boundary has been applied. Damping coefficient in both normal and perpendicular directions is given by Lysmer and Kuhlemeyer, and Drucker-Prager soil plasticity model is considered for non-linearity of soil. To reach the appropriate reinforcement concrete behavior under the dynamic loads, material used for reinforcement concrete has also nonlinear behavior. Results of classic method such as Coulomb and Rankine compared with the results of non-linear dynamic analysis.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fifth Conference

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

5-24-2010

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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May 24th, 12:00 AM May 29th, 12:00 AM

Seismic Analysis of Retaining Wall Structures

San Diego, California

This paper describes 3-D finite element dynamic analysis of retaining wall structures with consideration of the soil-structure interaction. Purpose of this study is to reduce damages due to earthquake in such structures. For this reason, finite element program ANSYS has been used. The analysis data is based on 1995 Kobe earthquake report and the results have been verified with some retaining walls were damaged in that earthquake. To take into account the non-linearity of soil-structure surface, surface to surface contact element is used. One of the most important problems in dynamic analysis is modeling of infinite media. If hinge or sliding support for soil boundary is used in finite element method, it would not define an acceptable boundary condition, because the transmitted earthquake waves reflect from the boundary and no energy would transmit out. For simulation of the unbounded nature of the soil medium, viscous (dashpot) boundary has been applied. Damping coefficient in both normal and perpendicular directions is given by Lysmer and Kuhlemeyer, and Drucker-Prager soil plasticity model is considered for non-linearity of soil. To reach the appropriate reinforcement concrete behavior under the dynamic loads, material used for reinforcement concrete has also nonlinear behavior. Results of classic method such as Coulomb and Rankine compared with the results of non-linear dynamic analysis.