Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

5-24-2010

Session End Date

5-29-2010

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a dynamic finite-element analysis addressing the effectiveness of a double expanded polystyrene (EPS) geofoam buffer system in reducing the peak seismic loads on a rigid, non-yielding retaining wall during an earthquake. A double EPS geofoam buffer system involves two vertical EPS panels, i.e., one EPS panel placed against the rigid wall face and another EPS panel installed at a specific distance away from the first panel in the backfill soil. Sensitivity analyses of the seismic performance of the double EPS geofoam buffer system in relation to the spacing between the EPS panels indicate that there is an optimum EPS panel spacing at which the seismic isolation efficiency of the double geofoam buffer system is maximized. Additionally, a comparative numerical study of the seismic response of double and single EPS geofoam buffers revealed that a double geofoam buffer system with an optimized EPS panel spacing is more efficient than a single panel EPS geofoam buffer for the same total thickness of EPS.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fifth Conference

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

5-24-2010

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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May 24th, 12:00 AM May 29th, 12:00 AM

Seismic Performance of Double EPS Geofoam Buffer Systems

San Diego, California

This paper presents the results of a dynamic finite-element analysis addressing the effectiveness of a double expanded polystyrene (EPS) geofoam buffer system in reducing the peak seismic loads on a rigid, non-yielding retaining wall during an earthquake. A double EPS geofoam buffer system involves two vertical EPS panels, i.e., one EPS panel placed against the rigid wall face and another EPS panel installed at a specific distance away from the first panel in the backfill soil. Sensitivity analyses of the seismic performance of the double EPS geofoam buffer system in relation to the spacing between the EPS panels indicate that there is an optimum EPS panel spacing at which the seismic isolation efficiency of the double geofoam buffer system is maximized. Additionally, a comparative numerical study of the seismic response of double and single EPS geofoam buffers revealed that a double geofoam buffer system with an optimized EPS panel spacing is more efficient than a single panel EPS geofoam buffer for the same total thickness of EPS.