Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

5-24-2010

Session End Date

5-29-2010

Abstract

For moderate or strong seismic events, the maximum strains can easily reach the elastic limit of the soil behavior. Considering soilstructure interaction, the nonlinear effects may change the soil stiffness at the base of the structure and the energy dissipation into the soil. To take into account the nonlinearity of the soil in the dynamic soil-structure interaction (DSSI), a 3D constitutive model, proposed by Iwan, is used to investigate DSSI in the framework of the Finite Element Method. The model accounts for the nonlinear hysteretic behavior of soils and only needs the shear modulus degradation curve to characterize the soil behavior. This feature is very important since complex constitutive models generally involve numerous mechanical parameters difficult to characterize experimentally. A parametric study is carried out for different types of structures to characterize nonlinear effects in the time domain. Through these numerical simulations, the nonlinear behavior of the soil is shown to have beneficial or detrimental effects on the dynamic response of the structure depending on the way the interaction process is modified: change in the amplitude and frequency content of the waves propagated into the soil, fundamental frequency of the response of the soil-structure system and energy dissipation.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fifth Conference

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

5-24-2010

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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May 24th, 12:00 AM May 29th, 12:00 AM

Influence of Soil Nonlinearities on Dynamic Soil-Structure Interaction

San Diego, California

For moderate or strong seismic events, the maximum strains can easily reach the elastic limit of the soil behavior. Considering soilstructure interaction, the nonlinear effects may change the soil stiffness at the base of the structure and the energy dissipation into the soil. To take into account the nonlinearity of the soil in the dynamic soil-structure interaction (DSSI), a 3D constitutive model, proposed by Iwan, is used to investigate DSSI in the framework of the Finite Element Method. The model accounts for the nonlinear hysteretic behavior of soils and only needs the shear modulus degradation curve to characterize the soil behavior. This feature is very important since complex constitutive models generally involve numerous mechanical parameters difficult to characterize experimentally. A parametric study is carried out for different types of structures to characterize nonlinear effects in the time domain. Through these numerical simulations, the nonlinear behavior of the soil is shown to have beneficial or detrimental effects on the dynamic response of the structure depending on the way the interaction process is modified: change in the amplitude and frequency content of the waves propagated into the soil, fundamental frequency of the response of the soil-structure system and energy dissipation.