Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

5-24-2010

Session End Date

5-29-2010

Abstract

This study concerns ground strains that result from spatially variable ground motions unrelated to ground failure. Prior empirical work shows a dependence of peak ground strain (PGS) on peak ground displacement (PGD) but is applicable only for weak motions (PGD < 10 cm). Prior semi-empirical work, in which strains were evaluated from simulated ground motions that preserve the coherency, Fourier amplitude variability and wave passage observed in array recordings, found a similar dependence of PGS on PGD but also a significant dependence on separation distance of observation points. Here we describe a procedure to calculate PGS between pairs of stations in an array to test the separation dependence of PGS. The Lotung LSST array was selected due to its closely spaced stations (6 to 85 m) and large number of recordings. The PGS estimated from station pairs from 11 events illustrate that the distance dependence of PGS is statistically significant, with PGS increasing as separation distance decreases.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fifth Conference

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

5-24-2010

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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May 24th, 12:00 AM May 29th, 12:00 AM

A Validation Study of a Seismically Induced Ground Strain Model Using Strong Motion Array Data

San Diego, California

This study concerns ground strains that result from spatially variable ground motions unrelated to ground failure. Prior empirical work shows a dependence of peak ground strain (PGS) on peak ground displacement (PGD) but is applicable only for weak motions (PGD < 10 cm). Prior semi-empirical work, in which strains were evaluated from simulated ground motions that preserve the coherency, Fourier amplitude variability and wave passage observed in array recordings, found a similar dependence of PGS on PGD but also a significant dependence on separation distance of observation points. Here we describe a procedure to calculate PGS between pairs of stations in an array to test the separation dependence of PGS. The Lotung LSST array was selected due to its closely spaced stations (6 to 85 m) and large number of recordings. The PGS estimated from station pairs from 11 events illustrate that the distance dependence of PGS is statistically significant, with PGS increasing as separation distance decreases.