Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

5-24-2010

Session End Date

5-29-2010

Abstract

Almost all soils exhibit cross-anisotropic stiffness to some extent. However, measuring the cross anisotropic properties of soils is difficult because of the need to determine the 3 independent stiffness parameters Eν, Eh, Gνh, and the associated Poisson’s ratios, nνh and nhh. Current techniques that are employed, for example using bender elements or field geophysics, are not always reliable, whilst preparing specimens in different orientations and subsequent testing using standard laboratory techniques has practical constraints. The resonant column is a laboratory apparatus that has been extensively used to measure the torsional stiffness (Gνh). Relatively recent development has also allowed the Stokoe resonant column to measure Young’s modulus from flexural excitation of the specimen. The apparatus has also been used to determine Eν through axial oscillation. Thus a modified resonant column apparatus can apply four different excitations (flexure in two directions, torsion and longitudinal excitation) to a soil. This paper reports a series of dynamic finite element numerical simulations of physical tests in the resonant column apparatus, carried out to model both the apparatus and a cross-anisotropic soil specimen. Forward modelling has been carried out to determine the impact of different degrees of anisotropy on the resonant frequencies of ‘specimens’ with their axes of anisotropy aligned in different directions relative to the vertical axis of the apparatus. Methods of determining the elastic parameters from these data are assessed.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fifth Conference

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

5-24-2010

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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May 24th, 12:00 AM May 29th, 12:00 AM

Assessing Cross anisotropy of Small-Strain Stiffness Using the Resonant Column apparatus

San Diego, California

Almost all soils exhibit cross-anisotropic stiffness to some extent. However, measuring the cross anisotropic properties of soils is difficult because of the need to determine the 3 independent stiffness parameters Eν, Eh, Gνh, and the associated Poisson’s ratios, nνh and nhh. Current techniques that are employed, for example using bender elements or field geophysics, are not always reliable, whilst preparing specimens in different orientations and subsequent testing using standard laboratory techniques has practical constraints. The resonant column is a laboratory apparatus that has been extensively used to measure the torsional stiffness (Gνh). Relatively recent development has also allowed the Stokoe resonant column to measure Young’s modulus from flexural excitation of the specimen. The apparatus has also been used to determine Eν through axial oscillation. Thus a modified resonant column apparatus can apply four different excitations (flexure in two directions, torsion and longitudinal excitation) to a soil. This paper reports a series of dynamic finite element numerical simulations of physical tests in the resonant column apparatus, carried out to model both the apparatus and a cross-anisotropic soil specimen. Forward modelling has been carried out to determine the impact of different degrees of anisotropy on the resonant frequencies of ‘specimens’ with their axes of anisotropy aligned in different directions relative to the vertical axis of the apparatus. Methods of determining the elastic parameters from these data are assessed.